Chanca, a physician who traveled with Christopher Columbus , reported in a letter that Spaniards took as many women as they possibly could and kept them as concubines. The maximum estimates for Jamaica and Puerto Rico are , people. There were 60, people living on this island [when I arrived in ], including the Indians; so that from to , over three million people had perished from war, slavery and the mines. Who in future generations will believe this? Historian David Stannard characterizes the encomienda as a genocidal system which "had driven many millions of native peoples in Central and South America to early and agonizing deaths.
The supply of food became so low in and that some 50, died from the severity of the famine. Scholars believe that epidemic disease smallpox , influenza , measles , and typhus was the overwhelming cause of the population decline of the indigenous people. While the populations of Europe rebounded following the devastating population decline associated with the Black Death , there was no such rebound for the indigenous populations of the Caribbean. He concludes that, even though the Spanish were aware of deadly diseases such as smallpox, there is no mention of them in the New World until , meaning perhaps they didn't spread as fast as initially believed, and that unlike Europeans, the indigenous populations were subjected to slavery, exploitation and forced labor in gold and silver mines on an enormous scale.
North America. South America. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The indigenous people of the Caribbean. Pablo L. Crespo-Vargas, editor. First edition. June, Editorial Akelarre. Lajas, Puerto Rico. Page October Smithsonian Magazine.
Retrieved November 3, University of Michigan, doctoral dissertation. Until now". Archived from the original on Retrieved 19 May Latino Studies Press.see
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July American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Art and Archaeology of Pre-Columbian Cuba. University of Pittsburgh Pre. Retrieved 19 May — via Google Books.
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Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Crosby, The Columbian Exchange Westport, , p. Census bureau. Retrieved September 14, Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Rethinking Schools, Ltd. Retrieved 22 June Aug Human biology of Afro-Caribbean populations. Cambridge University Press, Retrieved The Christopher Columbus Encyclopedia ebook ed. Palgrave MacMillan. Retrieved 11 April Puerto Rico: an interpretive history from pre-columbian times to Markus Wiener Publishers.
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University of Nebraska Press. Retrieved 31 July Retrieved 10 July New York: Garland Pub. Baltimore: U of Illinois, American Antiquity. Women's Roles in Latin America and the Caribbean. Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood, Retrieved 21 July Oxford University Press. Traboulay Columbus and Las Casas: the conquest and Christianization of America, — The Cambridge encyclopedia of human paleopathology. Cambridge University Press.
Disease and medicine in world history. Genocide Studies Program.
Yale University. The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 22, Windmill Books. Paintings by Ulrick Jean-Pierre. Educa Vision Inc. Retrieved 21 February Haiti, Her History and Her Detractors. Neale Publishing Company. Caribbean Amerindian Centrelink. In Forte, Maximilian C. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. August 15, Torres in Eleusis No.
Wicazo Sa Review , Vol. Guitar, Lynne. The art heritage of Puerto Rico, pre-Columbian to present. Pre-Columbian civilizations and cultures. Indigenous peoples of the world by continent. Indigenous peoples by geographic regions. Hidden categories: Webarchive template wayback links Pages with citations lacking titles Pages with citations having bare URLs Articles with short description "Related ethnic groups" needing confirmation Articles using infobox ethnic group with image parameters All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles with unsourced statements from February Articles containing Taino-language text Articles with incomplete citations from January Commons category link is on Wikidata Wikipedia articles with BNE identifiers Wikipedia articles with BNF identifiers Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers.
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Caribbean Archaeology and Ethnohistory Series
This is by no means an easy task, but it is one that this book seeks to undertake with the help of the evidence that has been recently generated in Puerto Rico and elsewhere in the Antilles, which seems to show a drastically different culture-historical scenario than that originally proposed.
The ideas herein presented are greatly influenced by the work of Luis Chanlatte Baik who, together with his long-time colleague and friend Yvonne Narganes Storde, has produced some of the most significant challenges to Rouse's notions of Antillean archaeology, several of which are further explored in this study. His contentions about the importance of Pre-Arawak peoples in the development of the late precolonial landscape of Puerto Rico and the discovery of the LH manifestation, together with his consideration of it as representing a distinct ancestral tradition, were clear platforms for the development of the ideas that are herein presented.
Chanlatte Baik's research should serve as an example of verticality and persistence for the new generation of scholars working in the islands and elsewhere, and his contributions to the archaeology of the Antilles have to be acknowledged. It is hoped that this book provides a platform for giving his contributions their deserved stage in Antillean archaeology.
Bill Keegan deserves special thanks for his overall support and his willingness to push me to push the envelope and avoid the -oids, the ans, and anything else that might have restricted my vision about Caribbean archaeology.
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